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Lord of the Rings Book 5

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Alphabetical E - K

Alphabetical L- S

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Book 1

Book 2

Book 3

Book 4

Book 5

Book 6



Page 1st Used

Meaning as used in The Lord of the Rings

Context of use, sentence used in

The Return of the King


Book V, Chapter 1


Minas Tirith




To float; drift; sail; also to flow, as water; hence, to glide away like a stream; slip away; to move swiftly. Gliding swiftly away; passing swiftly, as time.

Another day of hiding and a night of journey had fleeted by.



Accustomed; used; to accustom (a person), as to a thing; custom; habit; practice.

'But you come with tidings of grief and danger, as is your wont, they say.'



To furnish with battlements; hence, to form with square indentations; fortified.

At its furthest point from the Great Gate of the City, north-eastward, the wall was four leagues distant, and there from a frowning bank it overlooked the long flats beside the river, and men had made it high and strong; for at that point, upon a walled c



An artificial landing place, as of masonry, built along navigable water, for the use of vessels arriving, unloading or loading cargo, etc.

There Anduin, going in a wide knee about the hills of Emyn Arnen in South Ithilien, bent sharply west, and the out-wall rose upon its very brink; and beneath it lay quays and landings of the Harlond for the craft that came upstream from the southern fiefs



A fee or feud, or estate in land held of a feudal lord; tenure of land subject to feudal obligations; also a territory held in fee.

See text above for quays.



The act or operation of tilling; tillage; cultivation; land under cultivation.

The townlands were rich, with wide tilth and many orchards, and homesteads there were with oast and garner, fold and byre, and many rills rippling through the green from the highlands down to Anduin.



A kiln for drying hops or malt.

See text above for tilth.



A storehouse for grain.

See text above for tilth.



An enclosure for domestic animals, esp. sheep.

See text above for tilth.



A cowhouse.

See text above for tilth.



One who tills the soil; a farmer.

Yet the herdsmen and the husbandmen that dwelt there were not many, and the most part of the people of Gondor lived in the seven circles of the city, or in high vales of the mountain-borders, in Lossarnach, or further south in fair Lebennin with its five



To befall; happen; occur.

Whatever betide, you have come to the end of the Gondor that you have known.



A projecting portion of a rampart or fortification, in form an irregular pentagon attached at the base to the main work, with two faces forming the forward (salient) angle, and with two shorter reëntrant flanks commanding adjacent parts of the work.

For partly in the primeval shaping of the hill, partly by the mighty craft and labour of old, there stood up from the rear of the wide court behind the Gate a towering bastion of stone, its edges sharp as a ship-keel facing east.



Open or unconcealed; also, bold, forward, or impertinent in a smart or flippant way; also, smart or clever.

This is no time for hobbit pertness.



The head, or uppermost part, of a column, pillar, etc.

Monoliths of black marble, they rose to great capitals carved in many strange figures of beasts and leaves; and far above in shadow the wide vaulting gleamed with dull gold, inset with flowering traceries of many colours.



Any delicate interlacing work of lines, threads, etc., as in carving, embroidery, etc.

See text above for capitals.



Something resembling woven fabric.

No hangings nor storied webs, nor any things of woven stuff or of wood, were to be seen in that long solemn hall; but between the pillars there stood a silent company of tall images graven in cold stone.



Carved; sculpted; engraved. Past participle of grave. Grave - to carve, sculpt.

See text above for webs.



Two; also, to be separate, disunited, or at variance.

'One of the twain.



Archaic plural of cow. Used in numerous combinations with a sense of 'kingly-royal'

'And in my turn I bore it, and so did each eldest son of our house, far back into the vanished years before the failings of the kings, since Vorondil father of Mardil hunted the wild kine of Araw in the far fields of Rhûn.



To lie about; caluminate; misrepresent; also to show to be false; also, to prove false to; fail to justify.

'I see that strange tales are woven about you,' said Denethor, 'and once again it is shown that looks may belie the man - or the halfling.



Fidelity to a lord; the obligation or the engagement to be faithful to a lord; hence, fidelity in general; faithfulness.

'Here do I swear fealty and service to Gondor, and to the Lord and Steward of the realm, to speak and to be silent, to do and to let be, to come and to go, in need or plenty, in peace or war, in living or dying, from this hour henceforth, until my lord re



A tray, as for serving dishes or presenting letters or cards.

Then men came bearing a chair and a low stool, and one brought a salver with a silver flagon and cups, and white cakes.



A large bottle for wine, etc.; also, a vessel for holding liquids, as for use at table, esp. one with a handle, a spout and usually a cover.

See text above for salver.



Owing allegiance and service, as a Feudal vassal to his lord; loyal; faithful.

'Now tell me your tale, my liege,' said Denethor, half kindly; half mockingly.

ever and anon


Presently again, or now again; also every now and then; continually.

Pippin never forgot that hour in the great hall under the piercing eye of the Lord of Gondor, stabbed ever and anon by his shrewd questions, and all the while conscious of Gandalf at his side, watching and listening, and (so Pippin felt) holding in a chec



To serve in or go on a campaign. The military operations of an army in the field during one season or enterprise, any course of aggressive operations.

'An old campaigner, I see,' he said.



To strain or task in mental effort.

'But no more than a cup of wine and a white cake or two by the kindness of your lord; but he racked me for it with an hour of questions, and that is hungry work.'



A bite, mouthful, or small portion of food, or the like; a bit or dish of food of specified character.

We rise ere the sun, and take a morsel in the grey light, and go to our duties at the opening hour.



A light refreshment taken between meals; a luncheon. Luncheon - a lump or thick piece, esp. of food.

Then there is the nuncheon, at noon or after duties allow; and men gather for the daymeal, and such mirth as there still may be, about the hour of sunset.




See text above for nuncheon.



Pure, unmixed; also, being nothing more or better than what is specified.

This visit shall be short, a mere call of courtesy, and we will go thence to the butteries.'



A room or apartment in which the wines, liquors, and provisions of a household are kept.

See text above for mere.



To be suffering from want of or desire for.

'He looks as if he were spoiling for a race, and not newly come from a great journey,' said Beregond.



A box or trough, as in a stable, from which horses or cattle eat also, eat.

Then they took their leave, seeing that the manger was well filled.



Very nearly; almost.

Perhaps it was the mountains looming on the verge of sight, their jagged edges softened by wellnigh twenty leagues of misty air; perhaps it was but a cloud-wall, and beyond that again a yet deeper gloom.




Some say that as he sits alone in his high chamber in the Tower at night, and bends his thought this way and that, he can read somewhat of the future; and that he will at times search even the mind of the Enemy, wrestling with him.



Hostile excursion; one engaged in privateering, also, the vessel employed by a privateer.

There is a great fleet drawing near to the mouths of Anduin, manned by the corsairs of Umbar in the South.



Hardy - bold, daring, or courageous, as persons, actions, etc. Hood - a suffix of nouns denoting state, condition, character, nature, etc.

He is bold, more bold than many deem; for in these days many are slow to believe that a captain can be wise and learned in the scrolls of lore and song, as he is, and yet a man of hardihood and swift judgement in the field.



A service or dish of food at a table or for a meal; also a number of persons eating together at a table; to eat in company, esp. as a member of a mess.

'You may join my mess for this day.



To shut up in a private apartment, as for a conference or interview.

There had already been much talk in the citadel about Mithrandir's companion and his long closeting with the Lord; and rumour declared that a Prince of the Halflings had come out of the North to offer allegiance to Gondor and five thousand swords.



A tenth part, or any infinitely small part, or anything.

They are sparing only a tithe of their strength.



A division or district of a town or city.

Lights sprang in many windows, and from the houses and wards of the men at arms along the walls there came the sound of song.


Book V, Chapter 2


The Passing of the Grey Company




Plural of brother.

'That is all of our kindred that could be gathered in haste; but the brethren Elladan and Elrohir have ridden with us, desiring to go to the war.



A military attendant, follower or retainer; a soldier.

Is there gear of war in this place, Éomer, that my sword-thain could use?'



From Old Norse. A territorial division. Part of a country or the judicial court of such a subdivision, more commonly known as a Hundred. A Hundred was expected to send 100 warriors when requested. Also, the act of signifying assent at a public assembly; a

It would be a great company; for the king was leaving only a small garrison in the Burg, and all who could be spared were riding to the weapontake at Edoras.



Lordship, ownership; control or influence; rule or sway.

'But he wields great dominion, nonetheless,' said Gimli; 'and now he will strike more swiftly.'



A verse or stanza of a poem or song.

'Dark ways, doubtless,' said Gimli, 'but no darker than these staves are to me.'



A temporary structure of boughs (a branch of a tree), canvas, boards, etc., as for shelter.

But as Aragorn came to the booth where he was to lodge with Legolas and Gimli, and his companions had gone in, there came the Lady Éowyn after him and called to him.



A nurse who takes care of a child but does not suckle it.

'But am I not of the House of Erol, a shieldmaiden and not a dry-nurse?



Second person singular present indicative of will: now only in poetic or solemn use.

But she said: 'Aragorn, wilt thou go?'


Book V, Chapter 3


The Muster of Rohan




A deep, resonant sound; rich and full of sound.

But most of the time, especially on his last day, Merry had ridden by himself just behind the king, saying nothing, and trying to understand the slow sonorous speech of Rohan that he heard the men behind him using.



Evening twilight, shade, dusky, light; also, the beginning of twilight.

Only a glimpse, as through a tall window, could be seen of the great valley in the gloaming below.



A running or coming together, as of things or people; a throng, an assemblage of people.

On all the level spaces there was great concourse of men.



A tract of open and uncultivated waste land; esp., such a tract overgrown with low common shrubs; also, any of various low evergreen ericaceous shrubs common on waste land.

Slowly they passed through the short heath and upland grass, speaking no more, until they came to the king's pavilion.



To utter a loud, harsh cry; make any loud, harsh sound.

Dull they seemed and harsh in the heavy air, braying ominously.



A small village; a little cluster of houses in the country.

On down the grey road they went beside the Snowbourn rushing on its stones; through the hamlets of Underharrow and Upbourn, where many sad faces of women looked out from dark doors; and so without harp or horn or music of men's voices the great ride into



Servant, retainer, soldier, thane, man; in early English history, a member of any of several classes of men ranking between earls and ordinary freemen, and holding the lands of the king or lord by military service; in Scottish history, a person, ranking w

with thane and captain rode Thengel's son:



To besiege.

foe-beleaguered, fire-encircled.



Dern - hidden or secret; dark; somber; dreary. Helm - to cover, hide. A name Tolkien gives to Éowyn's alter-ego, a name which happens to describe how she feels and the action which she is about to undertake.  A complete relevant definition of 'dern' and '

'Then call me Dernhelm.'



Bending readily, or pliant; esp., bending readily at the joints, limber, or supple; hence, agile or active.

Thus it came to pass that when the king set out, before Dernhelm sat Meriadoc the hobbit, and the great steed Windfola made little of the burden; for Dernhelm was less in weight than many men, though lithe and well-knit in frame.



Knit - to make compact or firm by contraction of consolidation of parts.

See text above for lithe


Book V, Chapter 4


The Siege of Gondor




To deal out in portions; also to give out in small quantities, or in a sparing or niggardly manner.

Food is now doled out by order.'



An outer coat or garment; specifically, such a garment worn by medieval knights over their armor, and often embroidered with heraldic arms.

Above the mail was a short surcoat of black, but broidered on the breast in silver with the token of the Tree.



To deck out; to adorn with dress; attire; dress.

In some other time and place Pippin might have been pleased with his new array, but he knew now that he was taking part in no play; he was in deadly earnest the servant of a grim master in the greatest peril.



Making sudden movements, similar to startling or flinching.

Pippin cowered down with his hands pressed to his ears; but Beregond, who had been looking out from the battlement as he spoke of Faramir, remained there, stiffened, staring out with starting eyes.



To strive; also, to succeed by striving or effort; get (in, out, through, etc.); also, to make one's way, as by effort, ability, etc. to reach a point, goal, etc.

But how can he win to the Gate, if these foul hell-hawks have other weapons than fear?



A metal receptacle for burning charcoal or other fuel, as for heating a room.

There deep seats were set about a brazier of charcoal; and wine was brought; and there Pippin, hardly noticed, stood behind the chair of Denethor and felt his weariness little, so eagerly did he listen to all that was said.



The sediment of liquors; lees; grounds; and waste of worthless residue; refuse; a small remnant; any small quantity, a drop.

Have I not tasted it now many nights upon my tongue, foreboding that worse may yet lay in the dregs?



Unwise or light-minded conduct; also, a foolish action.

Enough to perceive that there are two follies to avoid.



Dispersal or flight of a defeated armed or opposing force in complete disorder (As, to put in army to rout; defeat ending in rout; a defeat attended with disorderly flight).

Yet he is resolved to stay with the rearguard, lest the retreat over the Pelennor become a rout.



A sword.

For I can still wield a brand.'



To come down from a height; swoop down, as a hawk at prey.

And with a piercing cry out of the dim sky fell the winged shadows, the Nazgûl stooping to the kill.



Murk. Dark or with little light, as night; dim; obscure.

The plain was dark with their marching companies, and as far as eyes could strain in the mirk there sprouted, like a foul fungus-growth, all about the beleaguered city great camps of tents, black or sombre red.



An invention; a machine or instrument used in warfare, as a battering-ram, catapult, etc; an instrument of torture.

And as each length of trench was completed, they could see great wains approaching; and soon yet more companies of the enemy were swiftly setting up, each behind the cover of a trench, great engines for the casting of missiles.



A pile or heap of wood or other combustible material; esp. such a pile for burning a dead body; a funeral pile.

I will now go to my pyre.



The outer covering of a bed; a beadspread.

But in a quiet voice Denethor bade them lay warm coverlets on Faramir's bed and take it up.


Book V, Chapter 5


The Ride of the Rohirrim




To use, possess; also, to bear, suffer, or tolerate (now used only in negative constructions).

'Need brooks no delay, yet late is better than never,' said Éomer.



A speech; a discourse; also, a decree; now a sententious saying, a maxim, or a proverb.

'And mayhap in this time shall the old saw be proved truer that ever before since men spoke with mouth.'



A strong taste or flavor; a taste of something extraneous to the thing itself; a pungent or distinctive odor; a suggestion of something.

There comes a breath out of the South; there is a sea-tang in it, faint though it be.



Straight away - right away, immediately.

And straightway all the horns in the host were lifted up in music, and the blowing of the horns of Rohan in that hour was like a storm upon the plain and a thunder in the mountains.


Book V, Chapter 6


The Battle of the Pelennor Fields




To break or split into fragments or splinters; shatter.

Right through the press drove Théoden Thengel's son, and his spear was shivered as he drew down their chieftain.



Great or huge; also, the skin or hide of an animal; a pelt.

And the Dark Lord took it, and nursed it with fell meats, until it grew beyond the measure of all other things that fly; and he gave it to his servant to be his steed.



To pass away quickly; a light, swift movement.

For a moment the thought flitted through Merry's mind: ' Where is Gandalf?



A tendon; also, a nerve; figurative, that which supplies strength or sustains the activities of anything.

No other blade, not through mightier hands wielded it, would have dealt that foe a wound so bitter, cleaving the undead flesh, breaking the spell that knit his unseen sinews to his will.



How - A mound, knoll, hillock; a small detached hill.

Green and long grew the grass on Snowmane's Howe, but ever black and bare was the ground where the beast was burned.



A stick with a pointed end, for driving cattle, etc., hence anything that pricks or wounds like such a stick; a stimulus.

Horns were blown and trumpets were braying, and the mûmakil were bellowing as they were goaded to war.



British preferred form of succor; to run under; run to aid; help; to help or relieve in difficulty, want or distress; to furnish with military assistance; auxiliary forces; reinforcements.

But the horseman rode eastward to the succour of Éomer: Húrin the Tall, Warden of the Keys, and the Lord of Lossarnach, and Hirluin of the Green Hills, and Prince Imrahil the fair with his knights all about him.



To overcome completely in battle; defeat utterly; rout; also, to frustrate the plans of; thwart; foil; also to throw into perplexity (confused condition) and dejection (downcast, low-spirited).

The great wrath of his onset had utterly overthrown the front of his enemies, and great wedges of his Riders had passed clear through the ranks of the Southrons, discomfiting their horsemen and riding their footmen to ruin.



A large, fast-sailing vessel of the middle ages.

And looking thither they cried in dismay; for black against the glittering stream they beheld a fleet borne up on the wind: dromunds, and ships of great draught with many oars, and with black sails bellying in the breeze.



The depth a vessel sinks in the water.

See text above for dromunds.



Hard; severe; stern; sullen; obstinate.

There came Legolas, and Gimli wielding his axe, and Harlbarad with the standard, and Elladan and Elrohir with stars on their brow, and the dour-handed Dúnedain, Rangers of the North, leading a great valour of the folk of Lebennin and Lamedon and the fiefs



British preferred form of valor; also, valiant persons, or a valiant person (rare); also, value or worth.

See text above for dour.



Mercy or indulgence shown to a vanquished enemy in sparing his life and accepting his surrender.

Hard fighting and long labour they had still; for the Southrons were bold men and grim, and fierce in despair; and the Easterlings were strong and war-hardened and asked for no quarter.


Book V, Chapter 7


The Pyre of Denethor




A holy, sacred, consecrated place.

Two of them had already fallen to his sword, staining the hallows with their blood; and the others cursed him, calling him outlaw and traitor to his master.



Bear, carry, or propel over the water, as the waves, wind, etc. do.

And even now the wind of thy hope cheats thee and wafts up Anduin a fleet with black sails.



One who attends a king or nobleman in his bedchamber, or in his private apartments (sometimes a title conferred as an honor, as to indicate close relationship); also, an important officer charged, among other duties, with the direction and management of a

I will not step down to be the dotard chamberlain of an upstart.



One who has risen suddenly form a humble position to wealth or power, or to assumed consequence.

See text above for chamberlain.



Yielding in combat, or acknowledging defeat; cowardly or craven; also one who proves unfaithful or false; a traitor.

'Come, it you are not all recreant!'



To twist or turn; esp., to twist or turn from the proper course, application, use, or the like; to take away by force.

Then taking the key that he had wrested from the slain man he closed the door and locked it.


Book V, Chapter 7


The Houses of Healing




Stanch. To stop the flow of liquid, esp. blood from a wound.

'I drew it forth,' said Imrahil, 'and staunched the wound.



Doggerel - of verse, comic or burlesque, and usually loose or irregular in measure; hence, more generally, rude, crude, or poor.

It is but doggrel, I fear, garbled in the memory of old wives.



A pen for confining small animals, as rabbits.

But who knows what she spoke of to the darkness, alone, in the bitter watches of the night, when all her life seemed shrinking, and the walls of her bower closing in about her, a hutch to trammel some wild thing in?'



To catch or entangle in or as in a trammel or net.

See text above for hutch.


Book V, Chapter 8


The Last Debate




To entreat (ask earnestly for) or beseech (a person, etc.) for something; make earnest petition to (a person, etc.) as to do something, or that something may be.

Yet there is need for the captains to hold council at once, and he prays that you and Éomer of Rohan will come down to his tents, as soon as may be.



A running or coming  together, as of things or people; a confluence.

Then he let sound a great concourse of trumpets taken from the enemy; and the Shadow Host withdrew to the shore.



Having or showing the spirit of a man; manly; brave; resolute.

he oars were now wielded by free men, and manfully they laboured; yet slowly we passed up the Great River, for we strove against its stream, and though that is not swift down in the South, we had no help of wind.


Book V, Chapter 8


The Black Gate Opens




See definition for harry.

The host of Orcs and Easterlings had turned back out of Anórien, but harried and scattered by the Rohirrim they had broken and fled with little fighting towards Cair Andros; and with that threat destroyed and new strength arriving out of the South the Cit



Spoil taken, as in war or robbery; plunder; a prize.

Some were strengthening the ferries and boat-bridges that the enemy had made and in part destroyed when they fled; some gathered stores and booty; and others on the eastern side across the River were throwing up hasty works of defence.



To cut off the outer coating, layer, or part of; also, to reduce by or as if by cutting or shaving.

The hideous orc-head that was set upon the carven figure was cast down and broken in pieces, and the old king's head was raised and set in its place once more, still crowned with white and golden flowers; and men laboured to wash and pare away all the fou



A narrow valley, esp. one with a stream running through it; a ravine; a glen; also, a stream in a ravine; a mountain stream, a brook.

They went openly but heedfully, with mounted scouts  before them on the road, and others on foot upon either side, especially on the eastward flank; for there lay dark thickets, and a tumbled land of rocky ghylls and crags, behind which the long grim slop



A steep, rugged rock; a rough, broken, projecting part of a rock.

See text above for ghylls.



To carry or send (sounds, odors, smoke, dust, etc.) through the air; also, to float or be carried through the air.

The weather of the world remained fair, and the wind held in the west, but nothing could waft away the glooms and the sad mists that clung about the Mountains of Shadow; and behind them at whiles great smokes would arise and hover in the upper winds.



A feigned or assumed appearance; a pretense; also, a movement made with the object of deceiving an adversary; an appearance of aiming at one part or point when another is the real object of attack.

'It is but a feint,' said Aragorn; 'and its chief purpose, I deem, was rather to draw us on by a false guess of our Enemy's weakness than to do us much hurt, yet.'



To deprive of the character or qualities of a man or human being; also, to deprive of virility, or emasculate; also, to deprive of manly courage or fortitude, or break down the manly spirit of.

So desolate were those places and so deep the horror that lay on them that some of the host were unmanned, and they could neither walk or ride further north.



Any of various low evergreen ericaceous shrubs common on waste land.

At nightfall on the fifth day of the march from Morgul Vale they made their last camp, and set fires about it of such dead wood and heath as they could find.



 To become or grow fresh (moderately strong), bright, strong, brisk, etc.

As morning came the wind began to stir again, but now it came from the North, and soon it freshened to a rising breeze.



Prolific, fertile, abounding or swarming with something; hence, existing in swarms or great numbers.

Yet they knew that all the hills and rocks about the Morannon were filled with hidden foes, and the shadowy defile beyond was bored and tunneled by teeming broods of evil things.



A family of offspring or young; a number of young creatures produced or hatched at one time.

See text above for teeming.



To make amends to; make amends for; make amends or reparation for crime or sin; make up.

Therefore the King of Gondor demands that he should atone for his evils, and depart then for ever.



The sending of an ambassador; also, the message or charge entrusted to an ambassador.

And thereupon the door of the Black Gate was thrown open with a great clang, and out of it came an embassy from the Dark Tower.



An offspring, usually a male child; also, a person as a scion (descendant) or offshoot, as of a noble house.

'So you have yet another of these imps with you!' he cried.



A child: now used only on contempt.

Still, I thank him, for it is plain that this brat at least has seen these tokens before, and it would be vain for you to deny them now.



Paying or requiring to pay tribute; hence, furnishing subsidiary aid; consideration paid by one sovereign or state to another in acknowledgement of submission or as the price of peace, security, protection.

West of the Anduin as far as the Misty Mountains and the Gap of Rohan shall be tributary to Mordor, and men there shall bear no weapons, but shall have leave to govern their own affairs.



Low in place or position; of low or humble origin, grade, or station; of illegitimate birth; morally low; also, without dignity of sentiment; mean-spirited, selfish; cowardly; also, befitting or characteristic of an inferior person or thing; abject, unwor

And if indeed we rated this prisoner so high, what surety have we that Sauron, the Base master of Treachery, will keep his part?



deceiver, cheater; deceiving, perfidious (deliberately faithless), or faithless; violating faith or betraying trust'; disloyal, traitorous; untrustworthy.

See text above for base.



To make petition or appeal to.

If you sue for his clemency you must first do his bidding.



Borne down by superior force or pressure; opposed

At Pippin's side Beregond was stunned and overborne, and he fell; and the great troll-chief that smote him down bent over him, reaching out a clutching claw; for these fell creatures would bite the throats of those that they threw down.



Write - to trace or form (characters, letters, words, etc.) on a surface of some material, as with a pen, pencil, or other instrument or means; inscribe. To make or cover with writing.

Then Pippin stabbed upwards, and the written blade of Westernesse pierced through the hide and went deep into the vitals of the troll, and his black blood came gushing out.

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